Understanding PCOD (पीसीओडी का मतलब) in Hindi

Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD), also known as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), is a common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age. It affects approximately 1 in 10 women worldwide. PCOD is characterized by imbalanced hormone levels, irregular periods, and the development of small cysts on the ovaries.

What Causes PCOD?

The exact cause of PCOD is not known, but several factors may contribute to its development. These include insulin resistance, high levels of androgens (male hormones) in the body, inflammation, and genetics.

Symptoms of PCOD

Women with PCOD may experience a range of symptoms, including:
Irregular periods
Excessive hair growth on the face, chest, or back (hirsutism)
Weight gain
Thinning hair or hair loss on the scalp
Darkening of the skin, particularly along neck creases, in the groin, and underneath the breasts
Mood changes, such as depression and anxiety

Diagnosis of PCOD

Diagnosing PCOD involves a combination of medical history assessment, physical examination, and laboratory tests. Your healthcare provider may order blood tests to measure hormone levels, an ultrasound to examine the ovaries, and possibly a biopsy to rule out other causes of your symptoms.

Management of PCOD

While there is no cure for PCOD, its symptoms can be managed through a combination of lifestyle modifications, medications, and surgery in some cases. Treatment aims to regulate menstrual cycles, reduce symptoms like acne and hirsutism, lower the risk of developing long-term complications such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease, and help with fertility if desired.

Lifestyle Modifications

  • Healthy Diet: Eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can help manage weight and improve symptoms.
  • Regular Exercise: Engaging in physical activity regularly can help improve insulin sensitivity and regulate menstrual cycles.
  • Stress Management: Practices like yoga, meditation, and deep breathing can help reduce stress levels, which may worsen PCOD symptoms.


  • Birth Control Pills: These can help regulate menstrual cycles and reduce androgen levels.
  • Anti-androgen Medications: These can help with symptoms like acne and hirsutism.
  • Metformin: Often prescribed for women with PCOD who have insulin resistance.


In some cases, ovarian drilling or ovarian wedge resection may be recommended to help restore ovulation in women with PCOD who do not respond to other treatments.


Women with PCOD who are having difficulty conceiving may benefit from fertility treatments such as ovulation induction, intrauterine insemination (IUI), or in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Common Myths about PCOD

  • Myth 1: PCOD is a rare condition.
  • Myth 2: PCOD only affects overweight women.
  • Myth 3: Women with PCOD cannot get pregnant.
  • Myth 4: PCOD will go away on its own.

It is important to consult a healthcare provider if you suspect you have PCOD or are experiencing symptoms associated with the condition. Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms and reduce the risk of long-term complications. Remember, every woman’s experience with PCOD is unique, and a personalized treatment plan tailored to your specific needs is essential.

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